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Newsletter Feb-Mar 2014

Scientific & Technological Achievements of I.R. of Iran

Feb - Mar2014

 

1. Iranian researchers build cancer-carrying nano-drug

Iranian researchers at Lorestan University, western Iran, have produced biodegradable hyperb-ranched polymers which are compatible with the human body. The results of the study showed that the hyper-branched polymer is economic and the dose of the anti-cancer drugs filled and capsulated with hyper-branched polymers is less than radical anti-cancer drugs, and subsequently the effects of the anti-cancer drugs on healthy cells reduce. The findings of the study have been recently patented in the US, and published in Journal of Applied Polymer Science.[1]

 

2. Iran Manufactures Hi-Tech Bulletproof Vest

The Iranian defense researchers, inspired by fish scales, have designed and developed a new type of hi-tech bulletproof vest which protects the soldiers against bullets fired from close range and different angles. The vest can highly increase the protection and survival chances of the individuals wearing it and protects them against many dangers in the battleground. Inspired by fish scales, the flexibility and overlap of the layers which make the vest play an important role in decreasing injuries.[2]

 

3. Iranian researchers develop new method for high-resolution lens production

Researchers in the Sharif University of Technology have developed a method to reduce analysis time for graphene-based multilayer periodic structures. The method would help researchers to build high-resolution optical sensors and lenses. Periodic array of graphene ribbons could find applications in developing different optical devices such as optical sensors, light absorbent, lenses with super-resolution beyond the diffraction limit, and terahertz metamaterials.[3]

4. Iran produces high-resistance porcelain enamel

Researchers in Materials and Energy Research Center have succeeded in production of high-resistance porcelain enamel, more resistant and white than other enamels. The enamel was produced using cheap materials and removing the mineral, zircon from the composition. In addition, the enamel could be a good alternative to zircon-containing enamels used in porcelain industry.[4]

5. Researcher develops smart greenhouse management system

Researchers in Shiraz have developed a smart greenhouse management system which would contribute to quality of products. The greenhouse management system uses sensors to receive information from the environment and reacts to these data accordingly. The foreign model of this system could be accessible at $ 6500-7000; however, the indigenous model only accessible at $ 700-1700.[5]

6. Iran develops ultraviolet sensor sensitive to X-ray

Researchers in Amir Kabir University of Technology have developed an ultraviolet sensor highly sensitive to X-ray. Measurement revealed that the degree of ultraviolet detection in developed sensors is very high compared to that in current sensors. The advantage of the technology is in using zinc oxide as a cheap component in the sensors.[6]

7. Gold nanoparticle carriers help treat uterine Cancer

Researchers in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad have developed gold nanoparticle carriers to transport special molecules to cancer cells. The method could help treat uterine cancer. Validation tests indicate that nanoparticle conjugates are extremely effective in photodynamic treatment of cervical cancer. They are good candidates of cancer treatments in general and in cervical cancer treatment in particular.[7]

8. Iran has achieved GTL technology

Iran has achieved the GTL (Gas to Liquid) technology which enables the country to produce Euro-5 or even higher quality gasoline. The Gas to liquids (GTL) is a refinery process to convert natural gas or other gaseous hydrocarbons into longer-chain hydrocarbons such as gasoline or diesel fuel.The project has completed its pilot (semi-industrial) phase and therefore, can start its production line.[8]

9. Iran's Self-Sufficiency in Producing Factor 7, MS Drugs

Iran gained self-sufficiency in producing blood factor 7 products - used to treat hemophilia disease - and MS drugs, and the country has also managed to produce a new type of hi-tech anti-cancer drug and the raw material for penicillin G.[9]

10. Iran Ranks 1st in Nano Science Production in Region

Iran has achieved eye-catching breakthroughs in the field of nano- science and technology, and the country ranks 1st in the field of nano science production in the Middle East region. Nanotechnology has been employed in 8 Iranian industries, including the car-manufacturing industry. The nanotechnology growth indicators for Iran have marked a high rise during the recent years as in the total number of the scientific publications, the country has just jumped up two ranks (at the beginning of 2012) to stand 10th in the world. Iran's rank was 14th, in the same list, at the beginning of 2011.[10]

11. Iran stands 20th in world in terms of producing science

Iran stood 20th in the world in terms of producing science and technology by the end of 2013, presenting 27,388 articles, based on ISI data. Meanwhile Iranian researchers have submitted 2,474 articles, regardless of the number of conferences, since early 2014, ranking 16th in the world. The number of articles and conferences registered in ISI totaled 25.960 in January.[11]

 


[1]http://www.isna.ir/en/news/92120301145.

[2] http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13921204000455

[3]. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102179

[4]. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102239

[5].  http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102243

 

[6]. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102280.

[7]http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102287.

[8] . http://www.irna.com/en/News/2650333.

[9] http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13921220000348.

[10] http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13921220000391.

[11]. http://www.isna.ir/en/news/92121409291   

 

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