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Newsletter Apr-May 2014

Scientific & Technological Achievements of I.R. of Iran

Apr-May 2014

 

Mashhad University professor awarded in Geneva

Dr. Ehsan Soltani, A Mashhad University of Medical Sciences professor has been awarded in the 42nd International Exhibition of Inventions of Geneva. He won the gold medal and special prize for inventions of Switzerland for designing and manufacturing of device for blood exchange transfusion for infants with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.[1]

New Model to Strengthen Superconductivity at Higher Temperatures

Iranian scientists from Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences in Zanjan presented a new model that expresses the possibility for the formation of superconductivity properties at high temperature, independent from the type of the material. The idea can be used in the production of various electronic nano-pieces in electronics and communications industries. According to the results, very accurate magnetic sensors can be designed, which are able to measure very weak magnetic waves of brain and to diagnose the disease by investigating the mechanism of the brain. Results of the research have been published in Physical Review Letters, vol. 108, issue 14, April 2012, pp. 147001-147005.[2]

Iran builds laboratory space suit for suborbital missions

A group of Iranian researchers have designed and built a laboratory space suit for suborbital missions. The suit is a combination of hi-tech systems protecting the astronaut inside cabinet at the time of any possible problem. The sub-orbital suit adjusts body pressure, body temperature, provides oxygen and keeps the astronaut from fire and atmospheric pollution and attraction. Iran is managing the mission of dispatching human into space and the laboratory space suit is one of the projects launched for achieving the main goal of dispatching humans into space.[3]

Iran introduces grass resistant to water shortage

Researchers in Isfahan Industrial University have developed a type of grass which is resistant to shortage of water. Consumption of a large amount of water for irrigation of the grass is as a drawback of the grass in the main natural covering of the terrain. The species with resistance against water shortage are the most important solution to improve the resistance. Saving water, reducing chemicals as fertilizers and pesticides to the soil, and underground water are benefits of growing native grass which is resistant to water paucity.[4]

Newly-Produced Bone Cement Able to Carry Medicine

Iranian researchers from Science and Research Branch of Islamic Azad University used a type of bone cement and produced a material that is capable of carrying various types of drugs, including bone growth agents, antibiotics and anticancer medicine. The results of the research can be used in the fields of pharmaceutics, medicine and dentistry. Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 40, issue 3, August 2013, pp. 3961-3968.[5]

 Iran develops 25mw turbines

Iran is manufacturing 25- megawatt gas turbines for the first time and then, is joining the group of ten countries having developed the technology for 25-megawatt turbines. The turbines manufactured in Iran cost 25 percent lower than foreign ones.[6]

Iranian student wins Poster Award in Spain

Kowsar Bagherzadeh, PhD student of Medicinal Chemistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences has won Poster Award at Discovery Chemistry Congress 2014 held in Barcelona, Spain. She is the main author of the poster article entitled ‘A New Insight into Mushroom Inhibitors: Virtual Screening and Molecular Modeling Studies.’ The conference was attended by students from the US, UK, Austria, Germany, France, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, South Korea, and China.[7]

University unveils cheap air purifier technology

Researchers in Amir Kabir University of Technology have developed an air purifier capable of purifying 4 fume gases and air particles. The system purifies polluted air with passing air through the adsorbent solution and based on the difference between the density of the air and its pollutant heavier particles. the system would found usage in any climatic conditions in hotels, tunnels longer than 1 kilometer, and large residential complexes and indoor environments. It is cost-effective, does not need filtering complicated arrangements, and is cheap enough for the public to afford to buy.[8]

Progress in Production of Leishmaniasis Vaccine

Researchers in Mashhad University of medical sciences have developed leishmaniasis vaccines in a perennial research project. Despite great number of research about the skin leishmaniasis, no vaccine has been developed in the market for the disease. Iran is one of these 9 countries. Production of vaccines would be great step forward in controlling disease. The disease is a parasitic disease between man and animal, that is the host of the parasite. Results of the research have been published in Acta Tropica, vol. 128, issue 3, August 2013, pp. 528-535.[9]

Iranian, Finnish Scientists Present New Model to Determine Nanocomposites Properties

Iranian researchers from Isfahan University of Technology in association with Finnish researchers from Alto University presented a micromechanical model that is able to predict mechanical properties of various types of polymeric and metallic base nanocomposites. Results of the research have been published in Composites Science and Technology, vol. 93, issue 1, January 2014, pp. 38-45.[10]

Iran manufactures linac

Researchers at the Persian Gulf Biotechnology Park in Qeshm have designed and produced a linear particle accelerator. The linear generates X-rays and high energy electrons for medicinal purposes in radiation therapy, serves as particle injectors for higher-energy accelerators and is used directly to achieve the highest kinetic energy for light particles (electrons and positrons).[11]

Iran Builds Fish Robot

Iranian researchers at Sharif Poly Technique University have invented a fish robot imitating motions of living organisms with research, industrial and military applications. The fish robot has learned swimming from mixture of motions of tuna and shark. This robot can be used for research purposes, including maritime environment, military purposes such as investigating under-water installments and military operations as well. The system could be vastly used in military industries because it is radar evasive. It can also be applied for investigating environmental conditions of aquatic.[12]

Alborz Company produces heat-resistance lab glassware

A knowledge-based company in Alborz province has produced heat-resistant glassware with applications in laboratory. Reactor, the name designating the glassware, is two-wall glass vessel resistant to acid and alkaline environments and material. It provides the optimal space where chemicals would react safely. Reactor and bio-reactor are best for cell culture which needs special temperature, pressure, and cycling system to mix the material provided by the vessel itself. Production of bioreactor brings together a host of sciences and art including pharmacology, chemistry, and electro-mechanics.[13]

Iran develops flapping MAV

Mostafa Hassanalian, graduated student from the Isfahan University of Technology has designed a flapping micro air vehicle (MAV), which could be used for research, industrial and military purposes. Inspired by flying animals, the flapping MAV is highly maneuverable, able to quickly transition between multiple flight regimes (such as between hover and forward flying), and can withstand collisions. Its low weight and unobtrusive appearance, as well its ability to fly at low speeds and operate quietly, make it more suitable for indoor use or in the presence of humans than many other aerial platforms.[14]

Production of Nanocapsule from Sea-Buckthorn Extract in Iran

Iranian researchers from Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch of Islamic Azad University used sea-buckthorn extract to produce nanocapsules which are able to protect the drugs located in them and have applications in pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. Results of the research have been published in Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 55, January 2014, pp. 49-55.[15]

Iran ranks 35th in world's 2014 science production

In the current year Iran stands 15th in the world in terms of scientific quantity. Its grade in terms of index of quality of science and producing articles equals 35. Meanwhile the country's progress in presenting scientific articles rose by 20 percent. The number of Iranian scientific papers and articles is on the rise since early 2014. The number of articles and conferences registered in ISI totaled 25.960 in January.[16]

Iranian inventors win three Malaysian medals

Iranian inventors won two gold medals and one bronze medal in the 25th International Invention, Innovation & Technology Exhibition (ITEX 2014), which was held in Kuala Lumpur during May 8-10. Fatemeh Baqeri received a gold medal in the medical equipment section for creating a serum injection device. Hadi Hamidian, the other inventor  won the gold medal in the environment section of the competition for manufacturing a device, which can purify 50,000 liters of wastewater and sewage daily for reuse in agriculture. Ghazaleh Baqeri won a bronze medal in the design section of the exhibition for making a new device for lighting.[17]

Iran develops ‘conceptual model’ of spacecraft

The Institute for Astronautic Systems of Iranian Space Agency in close collaboration with Amir Kabir University of Technology has designed a conceptual model of a spacecraft. The spacecraft weighing 300 to 500Kg is in line with Iran’s project to send man to space. The spacecraft would be placed beyond 250Km orbit above the earth. Already Iran has in its list of achievements sending two rockets to suborbital region which returned the living creatures back to earth in full health. Sending man to space is a target designated for the 2025 in the country’s comprehensive science map.[18]

 


1.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102638

2.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930130000098

3.http://www.isna.ir/en/news/93013012402

4.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102672

5.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930201000168 

6.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2673319

7.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102673

8.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2683617

9.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102756

10.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930213000124

11. http://www.irna.com/en/News/2684432

 

12. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930215000517

13. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102804

14. http://www.irna.com/en/News/2684753

15. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930211000074

16.http://www.isna.ir/en/news/93022012859

17.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2685060

18.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102841

 

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