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Newsletter May-Jun 2014

Scientific & Technological Achievements of I.R. of Iran

(May-June 2014)

 

1.Development of Nano adsorbents to Remove Heavy Metals from Wastewater

Iranian researchers from Sharif University of Technology used nanotechnology to produce highly efficient adsorbents to remove heavy metals from industrial wastewater. This invention is a big step towards the application of various nanomaterials in water purification process. Results of the research have been published in Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, vol. 12, issue 1, January 2014, pp. 1-7.[1]

2.Iranian inventors develop fifth-generation hemodialysis apparatus

 Inventors in Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST) have developed the fifth-generation hemodialysis apparatus fulfilling the 2013 and 2014 global standards. 80 percent of the parts of the apparatus were manufactured domestically and the cost of production of the apparatus is 40 percent cheaper than its foreign exported models.[2]

3.Iranians developing device for bioresonance therapy

Scientists at Amirkabir University are developing a device for bioresonance therapy, the medical method in which electromagnetic waves can be used to diagnose and treat human illness. Practitioners claim to be able to detect a variety of diseases and addictions. Some practitioners also claim they can treat diseases using this therapy without drugs, by stimulating a change of bioresonance in the cells, and reversing the change caused by the disease.[3]

4.Iran indigenizes bioresonance knowhow

Iranian scientists at Amir Kabir Poly Technique University have mastered bioresonance (the science of studying disease using cellular frequency) knowhow and got access to digital diagnosis. The knowhow and the relevant technologies helps to discover causes of diseases not diagnosed by common medical methods and provide for doctors to use it for diagnosis of diseases. Having access to the expertise, Iran will join bioresonance world club.[4]

5.Production of Antibacterial Nanocomposite in Iran

Iranian chemistry researchers from Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute succeeded in the production of an antibacterial nanocomposite that can be used in medical industries. This nanocomposite was produced through a simple method and it has high antibacterial properties. Simplicity, not being complicated, and the clean mechanism of the process are among the advantages of this method in comparison with other chemical and physical methods for the production of nanoparticles. Results of the research have been published in Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 98, issue 1, January 2014, pp. 46-50.[5]

 6.Iran joins top five countries producing magnesium

A company of Isfahan Science and Technology Town has produced pure magnesium; operated the first magnesium production unit. The research phase of the production was launched in 2009, and the technology is already 100 per cent indigenous. So far, the knowledge to produce the metal was in monopoly of Canada, China, the US, Russia, and Japan.[6]

7.Production of Nanostructured Crack-Free Ceramic Coating in Iran

Iranian researchers from Sharif University of Technology in association with researchers from Laser and Optic Research Center produced crack-free ceramic coating using nanotechnology. The coating is nanostructured and dense and can be produced through a simple and cost-effective method. Results of the research have applications in various industries, including electronics, optics and photonics. Among the advantages of the sol-gel method used in this research, mention can be made of low temperature of the production process, homogeneity at atomic scale, simple control over the desirable products and the lack of pollution and impurity in the products. Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 40, issue 6, January 2014, pp. 8613-8619.[7]

8.Iranian experts develop identifier kit

Iran’s genetic specialists have developed a kit to identify humans using body parts. The developed kit had extensive applications in forensic medicine, police, and genetic laboratories. Currently, profiling kit manufactured by the US Company ABI called Identifier. The Kowsar Biotechnology Co. has developed a kit very similar to the US product, with the difference that the domestic kit does not need any primer or colors, and have more identifying locations compared to the foreign model. The kit could help identification of the individuals using blood, hair, saliva, and other biological samples, commonly used in identifying accident victims, criminals, family tree conundrums, and other cases.[8]

9.Bone Treatment by Biocompatible Nanocoating Based on Metallic Alloy

Iranian biomaterials researchers from Isfahan University of Technology produced biocompatible materials based on metallic alloy to modify the properties of materials used in tissue engineering. The nanostructure is resistant to corrosion and creates acceptable connectivity with bones. Results of the research can be used in medical industries and dentistry. Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 40, issue 6, January 2014, pp. 7879-7888.[9]

10.Increase of Rate, Accuracy of Hepatitis B Virus Detection 

Researchers from the University of Tehran succeeded in designing and producing an immunosensor based on nanotechnology to increase the rate and accuracy of the detection of hepatitis B virus existing in patients’ blood serum. Results of the research can be used in the production of immunosensors with high quality for the detection of various types of viruses, and the sensors can be used in diagnosis tests in hospitals. Results of the research have been published in Analytical Methods, vol. 5, issue 17, January 2013, pp. 4448-4453.[10]

11.Drug Nanocarriers Sensitive to Tumor Acidic Media Synthesized in Iran

Iranian researchers from Azarbaijan's Shahid Madani University in association with their colleagues from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Drug Applied Research Center succeeded in the production of nanocomposites with the ability to carry and release anticancer drugs. The nanocomposite is pH-sensitive and it releases the drug only in acidic media of cancer cells. Results of the research have been published in Designed Monomers and Polymers, vol. 17, issue 3, 2014, pp. 227-237.[11]

11.Iran produces drug to treat cancer

Iranian research company, Ariatinagen, has produced a medicine named Tinagrast for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy to overcome infections. The drug reduces cancer patients’ pains too. Ariatinagen Company is a member of Golestan province’s Science and Technology Park.[12]

12.Production of Nanobiosensor to Distinguish Aggressive Cancer Cells

Iranian researchers from the Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering of Tehran University in association with researchers from Medical Nanotechnology Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences produced a new type of electrical nanosensor to detect a limited number of aggressive cancer cells among benign cells of intestine. The nanosensor has very high accuracy and doesn't need the use of chemical markers.Results of the research have been published in Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 59, issue 1, March 2014, pp. 152-159.[13]

13.Iran develops ‘conceptual model’ of spacecraft

Institute for Astronautic Systems of Iranian Space Agency in collaboration with Amir Kabir University of Technology has designed a conceptual model of a spacecraft. The spacecraft weighing 300 to 500Kg. would be placed beyond 250Km. orbit above the earth. The first step in sending man to space is to send spaceship to earth’s orbit, which has been projected for mid-term plan. Already Iran has in its list of achievements sending two rockets to suborbital region which returned the living creatures back to earth in full health. Sending man to space is a target designated for the 2025 in the country’s ‘comprehensive science map.’ [14]

14. Iranian solution for waterless car washing

SharifUniversityof Technology researchers have produced an eco-friendly solution that enables anyone to clean an entire car without water. This method saves time, money and water. Waterless, rinse-less and green way washes are fast and easy way to clean a vehicle virtually anywhere, anytime in most weather. The product is formulated with special lubricants that protect the vehicle surfaces from any abrasion.[15]

15.Iran develops 'national flu vaccine'

Iranhas developed its first 'national flu vaccine'. It awaits ultimate tests in the ministry of Health. The project was funded by President's science and technology deputy and will provide the public with domestic flu vaccines after getting necessary permissions. The product will finalize in future few months and will rule out the imports of foreign products. In the past, the government and private sector had imported more than 1-1.5 million doses of flu vaccines, which amounted to $ 9m, which would be saved with the industrial production of domestic flu vaccines.[16]

16.Two herbal medicines unveiled

Researchers at the university's Pardis Science and Technology Park produced an ointment named 'Bizalen' and a syrup named 'Kalik'.  Bizalen is analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug that can be used to ease joints and muscles pains, which was derived from ginger rhizome. It also eases rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis pains, and treats pains of lumbar disc disease. Kalik, which is derived from anise, garden thyme, liquorice and honey, is useful for curing sore throat, laryngitis, bronchitis, fever and flu.[17]

17.Iranian researchers develop cell launcher

Researchers in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad have developed cell launcher for the first time in Iran. The launcher would help separate rodent cells. The device is capable of launching the contents of mice or any other rodent’s bone marrow in certain speed and angle during cell experiments so that not to disjoint any cell component. The device could prevent the death due to improper launching of the cell. It would also find applications in artificial insemination. The target market for the device is livestock science.[18]

18.Production of Protein Nanoparticles from Chicken Feather

Iranian textile engineering researchers from Amir Kabir University of Technology produced a new type of protein nanoparticles from chicken feather through a simple and environmental friendly method. The product can be used as a sorbent in the elimination of pollutants from industrial wastewater and in the production of polymeric nanocomposites used in various industries, including textile engineering, automobile manufacturing and construction. Results of the research have been published in Particulate Science and Technology, vol. 384, issue 3, March 2014, pp. 242-250.[19]

19.Iran produces biometric smartcard

Iranhas joined the countries that produce biometric smartcards. Containing info such as iris scans, fingerprints and facial images, the smartcard is the product of researchers of University of Tehran’s Pardis Science and Technology Park. The smartcard can provide identification, authentication, data storage and application processing. Such security devices authenticate a person’s identity on the basis of physical characteristics, such as a fingerprint, iris scan or voice pattern.  The technology has applications in biometric face recognition systems at airports, passports, national identity cards, drivers’ licenses and automatic voting systems. Biometric authentication processes were created to eliminate the need to remember a multitude of passwords.[20]

 


1.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930228000146

2.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102865

3.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2695677

4.http://www.isna.ir/en/news/93022817972.

5.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930231000121

6.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102877

7.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930301000141

8.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102894

9.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930304000160

10.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930305000111

11.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930305001131

12. http://www.irna.com/en/News/2716517

13. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930309000074

14. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/102841

15. http://www.irna.com/en/News/2717344.

16.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103023  

17.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2717698

18.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103059

19.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930321000103

20.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2717754

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Islamic Republic of IRAN,
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