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Newsletter Jun-Jul 2014

Scientific & Technological Achievements of I.R. of Iran

(June - July2014)

 

Iran produces two indigenous vaccines for infants  

Iranian researchers of Pasteur Institute have produces two indigenous vaccines for infants. The newly-developed vaccines are being tested on animals. With a recommendation by WHO (World Health Organization) Iran started research for production of vaccines for retrovirus for children and antibody injectable for polio. that Pasteur Institute has produced other vaccines like flu, malaria, brucellosis, leishmaniasis which have been tested on animals and would be industrially produced if successful the results.[1]

Iranian, Spanish Scientists Use Nanocomposites to Convert Infrared to Visible waves

Researchers from Iran University of Science and Technology in association with researchers from University of La Laguna, Spain, succeeded in the production of glass ceramic nanocomposite with the ability to convert infrared waves into visible ones. The results of the research can be used in devising technical knowledge in the production of glass ceramic filters used in solar cells, electronics and aerospace industries. 2Results of the research have been published in Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 97, issue 3, March 2014, pp.[2]

Researcher develops higher-efficiency generator

An Iranian researcher has developed higher-efficiency generator capable of producing heat and electricity simultaneously. In line with domestic potentials, through modification of air turbine engines, the generator designed and developed which produces 1 mWh of electricity and 1.5 mWh of heat simultaneously. The generator increases the energy efficiency up to 80 per cent, and decreasing the energy loss. The technology would meet the country’s demand for smaller turbines with higher efficiency in oil, gas, and power plant industries.[3]

Brain-controlled prosthetic hand made in Iran

Researchers at Medical Equipment Science and Technology Center affiliated to Tehran’s University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences have developed a brain-controlled prosthetic hand. The smart hand has been designed to harness brain signals that allow the wearer to feel and move the hand just as if it is the amputee's own hand. The technology could also be used for producing other assistive devices for amputees, adding that the device can also harness signals of facial and eyelid muscles.[4]

Production of Antibacterial Super Adsorbent Nanohydrogels in Iran

Iranian researchers from Islamic Azad University used nanotechnology to produce nanohydrogels with applications in various industries. The nanohydrogels have very high adsorption capacity for water and biological and pharmaceutical solutions and enjoy highly good antibacterial properties too. The multi-structural super adsorbent has applications in medicine, pharmaceutics, agriculture, textile and hygienic and cosmetics industries as well as cement manufacturing and water purification. Results of the research have been published in Polymer Research, vol. 21, issue 355, February 2014, pp. 1-14.[5]

 Three Iranian universities among Asia’s top 100

Three Iranian universities have made it to the top 100 in the Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings 2014. Sharif University of Technology, Tehran Medical University and Isfahan University of Technology ranked 37th, 83th and 85th respectively. The rankings follow the criteria of the World University Rankings powered by Thomson Reuters.[6]

Nigella-based drug developed in Iran

The new nigella-based anti-fungal drug is now in pharmacies; Mashhad University of Medical Sciences is the developer of the drug. Research on nigella has been extensive around the world. However, no research produced industrially the drug for public use. The results of clinical tests indicated that this drug is more effective in treating vaginal fungal infections compared to other drugs. This product has been tested successfully on 100,000 patients, with very good results. The drug will be exclusively produced in the Islamic Republic of Iran for 20 years, and no other country could adopt the trade mark; plans have been made for exporting of the drug as well.[7]

Researchers of Iran Remove Organic Pigments from Wastewater in Range of Visible Light

Researchers from Iran University of Science and Technology used nanotechnology and succeeded in the production of a photocatalyst that is able to purify industrial wastewater in the range of visible light. This photocatalyst is more successful in the removal of a special type of cancerous pigment from water than other commercial photocatalysts in the market for the purification of water. Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 40, issue 7, January 2014, pp. 9817-9829.[8]

Iranian scientist creates nanotechnology carpet stain remover  

Keivan Ozaei, the Iranian scientist has successfully developed a product which incorporates nanotechnology to remove stains from carpets. The technology of stain removal from carpets in this method is based on nanoparticles. The new stain remover can remove strong and different kinds of stains immediately. Silver nanoparticles are used in this product and little amount of it is able to remove a big patch and different types of stains. The product is on pre-industrial production stage and will be ready for mass production soon.[9]

Iranian, Norwegian Scientists Produce Nanopaper from Bagasse

Iranian researchers from Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources in association with their Norwegian colleagues succeeded in the production of a nanopaper with resistive and tensional properties much higher than nanopapers made of tree woods. The implementation of the research will greatly help the industries that produce various types of printing and writing papers, newspapers and hygienic sheets. The use of polymers is the economic method proposed to put still cellulosic nanofibers in the paper tissue. This method replaces the fiber paste with a part of the long fiber paste, and in other words, it reduces the costs to produce printing and writing papers. Results of the research have been published in Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 99, issue 1, January 2014, pp. 311-319.[10]

Iran gains self-sufficiency in making radiopharmaceuticals

Iran's Nuclear Techniques and Sciences Research Center announced that the country has managed to reach self-sufficiency in production of radiopharmaceuticals used to be imported from other countries. The radiopharmaceuticals employed for treatment of people suffering rare diseases and different types of cancer. Iran is standing first in the region in terms of producing radiopharmaceuticals.[11]

Sharif University produces yogurt starter

Researchers at Sharif University of Technology have formulated a freeze-dried yogurt starter in powder form. Fifty to 100 grams of the yogurt starters give one to two tons of yogurt. Yogurt starter contains cultures of bacteria used to begin milk fermentation. The goal of the research has been to stop the import of starters.[12]

Researcher of Iran develop cancer-resistant nanoparticles

A Mashhad University of Medical Sciences research group has developed a component which would be effective in treating cancer.  They developed a component which activates the body’s immune system against an important caner. It would find wide applications in pharmaceutical industry especially in developing of medications for breast, ovarian, and lung cancers.[13]

Iranian, US Scientists Use Nanoparticles to Increase Rate of Cancer Treatment

Iranian researchers from North Khorassan University of Medical Sciences in association with their colleagues from Nevada Cancer Center, the United States, succeeded in increasing the sorption dose of tumor degrading rays in cancerous tissues by using nanoparticles. The increase in the dose can shorten the time of treatment, and as a result, reduce damages to healthy tissues. Results of the research have been published in Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine, vol. 36, issue 4, December 2013, pp. 431-440.[14]

Researchers of Iran develops apparatus producing highest-purity water

Iranian researchers have developed apparatus producing highest-purity deionized water. The apparatus incorporated specific reactors which de-mineralize water to produce distilled water. The produced water is highly pure and completely sterile. The water produced has wide applications in refineries, petrochemical industry, cleansing hospital sensitive items, pharmacies, research centers, food and cosmetics industries, and in dentistry’s. The apparatus also helps significantly reduce water loss, with water loss of less than 5 per cent, which is considerable compared to that in apparatuses using filter to distill water.[15]

Iranian ScientistsProduce High-Temperature Superconductive Nanorods

Iranian researchers from Nanotechnology and Nanoscience Research Center of Kashan University have produced high-temperature superconductive with nanos. In this research, a cheap and simple method was used in order to obtain a high-quality product. Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 40, issue 7, Part B, August 2014, pp. 11109-11114.[16]

Iranian researches achieve technology for nano-lab furnaces

Iranian researchers have achieved the technology to invent tube furnaces multiple utilized in nano laboratories. The new generation of tube furnaces is capable enough to operate in diverse temperatures and atmospheres. The tube furnaces are produced by Semnan Science and Technology Park.[17]

Security token developed in Isfahan

Researchers at a knowledge-based company in Isfahan Science and Technology Town, Rahbord Rayaneh Rastak, have developed a security token. The token uses smart card technology. The smart-card-based USB tokens enable a broad range of security solutions and provide the abilities and security of a traditional smart card without requiring a unique input device. A security token is a small hardware device that the owner carries to authorize access to a network service. Security tokens provide an extra level of assurance through a method known as two-factor authentication: a personal identification number authorizes the user as the owner of that particular device. The device then displays a number that uniquely identifies the user to the service and allows log in.[18]

High tensile composite made in Iran

Researchers at Isfahan University of Technology have created a nanocomposite, which has high tensile strength using pistachio shell. As the composite is resistant to moisture, loss of color, fungi and insects, it can be used in construction industry.[19]

Nanoparticles Modify Thermal Properties of Ablative Composites

Iranian researchers from the Science and Research Branch of Islamic Azad University in association with Iran Aerospace Research Center succeeded in the production of a new type of nanocomposite which can be used in structures dealing with high temperature. The nanocomposite has desirable thermal and mechanical properties, and it can be used as ablative coatings. Results of the research will have applications in thermal power plants, aerospace technologies, and chemical industries. Results of the research have been published in Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 63, issue 1, January 2014, pp. 159-167.[20]

 

 


1.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103117 

2.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930328000183

3.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103144

4.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2718840

5.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930403000138

6.http://www.irna.com/en/News/2718914

7.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103182

8.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930403000236

9.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103179

10.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930407000198

11.http://www.isna.ir/en/news/93040905431

12. http://www.irna.com/en/News/2719880

13. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103241

14. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930412000262

15. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103268

16. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930415000157

17. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103280

18. http://www.irna.com/en/News/2720546

19. http://www.irna.com/en/News/2720682

20. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930417000149

 

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