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Newsletter Aug-Sep 2014

Scientific & Technological Achievements of I.R. of Iran

(Aug-Sept 2014)

Iranian woman scientist selected member of COMEST

Tehran Azam Irajzad, faulty member of Sharif University of Technology PhysicsDepartment was selected as member of the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST). According to Public Relations Department of National Elites Foundation, she is the first Iranian scientist admitted to the commission. COMEST is an advisory body and forum of reflection that was set up by UNESCO in 1998.[1]

Nanotechnology Helps Production of Super Adsorbent Polymers

Iranian researchers from Amir kabir University of Technology used nanotechnology and succeeded in the production of super adsorbent polymers. The polymers are produced through an economic and cost-effective method. The polymers can be used in various industries, including medical and hygienic, agriculture and advanced textile technologies. Results of the research have been published Dyes and Pigments, vol. 111, issue 1, 2014, pp. 30-38.[2]

Iran makes anti-bacterial fabric with topical treatment

Iranian researchers at Amir Kabir Poly Technique University have designed a new anti-bacterial fabric to be used for medical fields and home textiles. Its texture does not change by washing and it can be produced easily and economically. The product made by copper nano-particles is compatible with the environment, and can replace fabric made with silver nano-particles. The product is of high resistance and keeps properties of natural cotton fibers. The results of the study have been published in Cellulose Journal.[3]

Researchers synthesize ceramic metastable nanopowders

Researchers in Isfahan University of Technology have developed a new method for synthesis of ceramic metastable nanopowders. The findings of the research study would find applications in different industries including aerospace, ceramics and fuel cells. The research study has been published in Ceramics International, No. 40, Issue 8, pages 13217-13221.[4]

Iran curbs Hepatitis B duplication by sumac water extract

Iranian researchers at Tarbiat Modaress University found that sumac water extract prevents duplication of Hepatitis B virus. Results of the study showed that the volume of the surface antigenof the hepatitis B viruson patients recovered with sumac -water extract, dramatically reduced comparing to the group not treated with the extract.[5]

Silver Replaced with Copper Nanoparticles to Produce Antibacterial Fabrics

Iranian researchers from Amirkabir University of Technology used copper nanoparticles to produce new antibacterial fabric that can be applied in medical, clothing and home textile industries. The product has very high washing stability and can be produced through a simple and economic method. Results of the research have been published in Cellulose, vol. 21, issue 3, February 2014, pp. 2119-2132.[6]

Iranian Scientist Wins UNESCO Biology Award

Professor Hossein Baharavand from the Stem Cell Research Center of Royan Institute was qualified to win the 2014-2015 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)-Equatorial Guinea International Prize. This is the first time an Iranian researcher is qualified to receive this award. Professor Baharvand has published more than 150 peer-review papers in national and international journals, as well as 4 international books and 9 books in Persian. He is editor of Trends in Stem Cell Biology and Technology book. He is an editorial board member of five international journals. He has won 11 national and international awards and presented as invited speaker in several meetings.[7]

Thermal Block Coatings Developed in Iran Using Nanotechnology

Iranian researchers through a simple and economical method produced nanopowder that has application in increasing the efficiency of gas engines and turbines. This product can be used in the production of gas turbines for aerospace purposes. For instance, the product can be used in the production of blades of turbines in various airplanes, and in the turbines of electrical power plants. Results of the research have been published in Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 70, issue 1, January 2014.[8]

Iranian water-sweetener system produces water, power simultaneously

Iranian researchers have managed to produce water and electricity simultaneously in water-sweetening systems. The feasibility project includes use of thermal energy of steam engine of combined cycle power plant in order to run a water-sweetening system. The researcher noted that Iran with dry climate is facing lack of drinking water. Moreover, low thermal efficiency of thermal power plants is one of the main challenges on production of energy resources.[9]

A company of Iran produces superior yeast

A knowledge-based company, Soren Tech Toos, in Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi province, has manufactured superior yeast that has applications in food industry and livestock, poultry and serum production. Now only 15 countries have the technology to produce the yeast. Modern biotechnologies use yeast for the production of various substances (vitamins, enzymes, antibiotics, amino acids and proteins).[10]

Iranian scientist develops bone penetration displayer device

Peiman Dehghani Rad, Iranian scientist and CEO of Danesh Bonyan Organization has developed bone penetration displayer device which would make bone surgery easier and more precise. He has developed a device which displays depth of bone penetration; the device would facilitate orthopedic surgeries and add to precision and speed. The device can be installed on any surgical drill and by penetrating the depth of bone, provides specific and precise measurements for the surgeons so that can perform bone surgery in the shortest of time.[11]

Researchers of Iran produces silicon solar cells

Researchers at Plasma Physics Laboratory affiliated to Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, in association with their German and Australian counterparts have developed solar cells using electron gun. It took six years to produce electricity with the new technology. Silicon solar cells are the most popular solar cells on the market and they developed solar cells by electron beam irradiation on silicon for the first time in the world.
An electron gun (also called electron emitter) is an electrical component in some vacuum tubes that produces a narrow, collimated electron beam that has a precise kinetic energy. The largest use is in cathode ray tubes (CRTs), used in older television sets, computer displays and oscilloscopes.[12]

Iranian scientists use nanoparticles in hypertension medicines

Iranian scientists have proposed a new method to analyze Hydralazine, a hypertension medication, by utilizing nanoparticles as an optical sensor. In this research, nanoparticles have been used as an optical sensor. The new method is simple, cheap and quick and does not require the use of complex machines such as chromatography, to experiment on medicines. This nanometer composition can also be used as pigment in the paint industry, improving the performance of electrochemical sensors, cell imaging, and as a catalyst in some chemical reactions.[13]

Iran Ranks 17th in World in Production of Medical Sciences

Iran ranks 17th in the production of medical sciences among the world countries in 2013.Forty percent of the country’s scientific productions is among medical productions. Iran has taken wide strides in science and technology in recent years despite US sanctions. Iran’s 2009 growth rate in science and technology was highest globally, being 11 times faster than the world’s average rate. The promotion is mainly due to the achievements at the two areas of medical researches and medical technology of Iran’s Pasteur Institute. In 2000, the Islamic Republic ranked 53rd in the world in terms of highly cited medical articles, but improved to the 23rd rank in 2011.[14]

Scientists producehoney-thyme cough syrup

A team of researchers from Yas Darou Pharmaceutical Company with the support of Presidential Office’s Department of Science and Technology has produced syrup from honey and thyme extract for cough relief. Herbal anti-inflammatory and anti-nausea medicines have also been produced by the company.[15]

Iran develops composite structures for the first time

An Iranian researcher has developed a composite structure which would find wide applications in earthquake-resistant buildings. The composite structures have not yet been launched globally, and it is the first time such structures are introduced. The composite structures make it possible to build structures 100 per cent earthquake-resistant. These structures find applications in construction of bridges, tunnels, plane fuselage, dams, buildings with unlimited number of floors and height, megastructures (very large superstructures) in lowest costs and highest resistance. It is a good alternative to metal skeletons in construction industry. The design has been patented internationally in the US as an Iranian technology.[16]

Scientists of Iran develop vibration isolators

Researchers at Sharif University of Technology have managed to produce vibration isolators for the very first time in Iran. Vibration isolators are able to protect buildings, bridges and equipments against earthquakes and prevent strong vibrations from getting transmitted to buildings. The technology of vibration isolators that have undergone initial design, prototype production and final product manufacture in Sharif University of Technology is now in the industrial exploitation phase and can be provided to applicants. Tomb of Cyrus, in Pasargad, Fars province, is said to be the oldest base-isolated structure in the world.[17]

New Method to Remove Limitations in Tumor Surgery by Iranian Scientists

Researchers from Iran University of Medical Sciences presented a new method to overcome limitations in the laser surgery of head and neck through nanotechnology. This therapy increases the performance of cancer treatment methods. The aim of the researchers was to present a therapy method for the surgery of tumors of head and neck by using laser and nanoparticles, which is able to carry out the operation and degrade tumor at nanometric scale. The method mechanism is based on the high possibility of the adsorption of gold nanoparticles attached to folic acid by cancer cells. The nanoparticles are less absorbed in healthy cells. In the next stage, the laser beam is radiated to the tumoral area and the chance of treatment of the cancer cells will be higher in the area with more nanoparticles. A part of the research has been published in Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 29, issue 2, 2014, pp. 847-853.[18]

Iran produces high-pressure capsules

Ali Akbar Habiba, a researcher in Danesh Bonyan Institute in Pardis Technology Park managed to build high-pressure capsule to be used by pilots in case of emergency situations. Iranian device despite its small dimensions, cost nearly one-fifth of the ones made abroad, thus highly economical. High-pressure capsules are used by pilots on airplanes or helicopters to extinguish fire at the shortest possible time. Other use of this device is during emergency landing when it can perform as a boat on water just by pressing a button. Another use of high-pressure capsules could be raising antenna to provide the pilots with wireless contact with headquarters, which can be done by triggering a button on this device. High-pressure capsules can be installed on any airplanes and will make the country self-sufficient in producing this product.[19]

Production of IUI kit in Iran

Iranian researchers at Tehran’s Pardis Technology Park in collaboration with their counterparts at Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University have designed and produced intrauterine insemination (IUI) kit. IUI involves a laboratory procedure to separate fast moving sperm from more sluggish or non-moving sperm. The fast moving sperm are then placed into the woman’s womb. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.[20]

Iranian scientists improve nanoparticle-mediated oral insulin delivery

Researchers in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences have improved nanoparticles-mediated targeted drug delivery. Nanoparticles in the research functioned as carriers of insulin, and in case of success in clinical testing, would help in treatment of diabetes.[21]

New Nanosorbent Helps Elimination of Colorants from Textile Wastewater

A nanosorbent with high sorption capability was produced by the Iranian researchers from Amirkabir University of Technology which can be recovered in alkaline environment. It can be used in continuous systems due to its high speed in process. Results of the research have applications in textile, foodstuff, petrochemic and iron materials industries. Results of the research have been published in Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 52, issue 1, July 2014, pp. 1-10. [22]

Iran produces iontophoresis machine

Researchers at a knowledge-based company in the Science and Technology Park of University of Tehran have developed an iontophoresis machine in collaboration with the Royal Institute of Technology University and Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. Iontophoresis is a non-invasive and drug-free treatment for excessive sweating-hyperhidrosis. The treatment used extensively in hospitals and clinics worldwide that passes controlled micro-electrical currents into the skin areas where excessive sweating is a problem.[23]

Royan researcher develops new method to obtain pluripotent stem cells

Seyedeh Nafiseh Hosseini the Royan Institute researcher has developed a novel method to obtain pluripotent stem cells. She is the first to develop the method which she communicated its success in prestigious Stem Cell Development Journal. She in her PhD thesis examined message transfer inside cells, during which she identified a pathway which if suppressed, the cells would move toward pluripotency; with removing a single blastomere from an embryo, it is possible to obtain a line of pluripotent cells.[24]

 


1.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2734652

2.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930530000217

3.http://isna.ir/en/news/93052915682

4.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103989

5.http://isna.ir/en/news/93060201186

6.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930603000129

7.http://www.iranreview.org/content/Documents/10-Iranians-on-List-of-World-s-Most-Influential-Scientific-         Minds.htm

8.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930604000112

9.http://www.isna.ir/en/news/93060402384

10.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2735404

11.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103827

12.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2736379

13.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103846

14.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930612001406

15.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2736562

16.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103886

17.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2737051

18.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930620000110

19.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103925

20.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2737045

21.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/103971

22.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930602000133

23. http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2737733

24. http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104027

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